तक्रार कुठे नोंदवावी

नागरिकाला आपली तक्रार कुठल्याही पोलिस स्टेशनमध्ये नोंदविता येते. गुन्हा कोणत्याही पोलिस स्टेशनच्या हद्दीत घडला असला तरी, तक्रारदारास पोलिस त्याच हद्दीतील पोलिस स्टेशनमध्ये जा, अशी सक्ती करू शकत नाहीत. तक्रार नोंदवून घेऊन ती योग्य त्या पोलिस स्टेशनमध्ये वर्ग करण्याची जबाबदारी पोलिसांची आहे.

तक्रार कशी नोंदविता येऊ शकते ?

जर एखाद्या व्यक्तीला तक्रार नोंदवायची असेल, तर त्याला पोलिस स्टेशनमध्ये प्रत्यक्ष जाऊन तक्रार नोंदविता येऊ शकते. जर आपले म्हणणे स्वतःहून मांडण्याची इच्छा तक्रारदाराला असेल, तर तो लिखित स्वरुपातही घेऊन जाऊ शकतो.

दखलपात्र गुन्हा असो की अदखलपात्र त्याची तक्रार दाखल केल्यानंतर एफआयआर किंवा एनसीची पावती तक्रारदाराला तातडीने देणे बंधनकारक असते.

महिला तक्रारदारांना रात्रीच्या वेळी पोलिस स्टेशनमध्ये फोन करून तक्रार करण्याचा अधिकार आहे. अशावेळी, पोलिस महिला पोलिसाच्या उपस्थितीत घरी जाऊन तक्रार दाखल करून घेऊ शकतात.

* दखलपात्र गुन्ह्याची फिर्याद नोंदविल्यानंतर एफआयआरची एक प्रत विनाशुल्क फिर्यादीस देण्यात येते.

* अदखलपात्र गुन्ह्यात पोलिसांना कोर्टाच्या आदेशाविना तपासाचे अधिकार नसतात.

दखलपात्र-अदखलपात्र

कायद्यानुसार गुन्ह्याचे दखलपात्र-अदखलपात्र अशी विभागणी केली आहे. चोरी, घरफोडी, मोटारवाहन चोरी, अपघात, सोनसाखळी चोरी, हल्ला, बलात्कार, हत्या, हत्येचा प्रयत्न, खंडणी इत्यादी गुन्हे दखलपात्र आहेत. त्यासाठी पोलिस स्टेशनमध्ये जाऊनच तक्रार दाखल करावी लागते.

फारसे गंभीर नसलेले गुन्हे अदखलपात्र प्रकारात मोडतात.

जामीनपात्र-अजामीनपात्र

क्रिमिनल प्रोजिसर कोडमध्ये गुन्ह्याचे वर्गीकरण जामीनपात्र आणि अजामीनपात्र असे करण्यात आले आहे. जामीनपात्र गुन्ह्यात आरोपीला जामीन देणे तपासी अधिकाऱ्यास बंधनकारक आहे. तर अजामिनपात्र गुन्ह्यांत पोलिस जामीन देत नाहीत, त्याचे निर्णय मॅजिस्ट्रेट किंवा न्यायाधीशांकडे आहे.

* जामीनपात्र गुन्ह्यांमध्ये अटक झाल्यानंतर आरोपीने योग्य तो जामीन भरल्यानंतर त्याला जामीन देणे आवश्यक आहे. अधिकारी जामीन देत नसल्यास आरोपी किंवा त्याचे नातेवाईक संबंधित पोलिस स्टेशनच्या वरिष्ठ अधिकाऱ्यांना भेटून तक्रार करू शकतात.

* अजामीनपात्र गुन्ह्यांत आरोपीला २४ तासांच्या आत संबंधित मॅजिस्ट्रेट किंवा न्यायाधीशांपुढे हजर करणे आवश्यक आहे. त्यावेळेस आरोपीला त्याचे प्रतिनिधी/वकिलामार्फत जामीन करण्याचा अधिकार आहे. तसेच अटकेनंतर पोलिसांनी त्रास दिला अथवा मारहाण केली तर त्याला त्याविषयीची तक्रार करण्याचीही संधी आहे.

झडती

* कोणत्याही पोलिस स्टेशनच्या अधिकाऱ्याला त्याच्या हद्दीत गुन्ह्याशी संबंधित कोणत्याही जागेची झडती घेण्याचे अधिकार आहेत.

* झडती घेण्यापूर्वी अधिकाऱ्याने त्याचे ओळखपत्र दाखवणे आवश्यक असून त्याच्या गणवेशावर नाव, हुद्दा असलेली नामपट्टिका लावणे बंधनकारक आहे. झडतीच्या वेळी दोन पंच हजर असावेत. तसेच झडतीत जे सामान जप्त केले त्याचा पंचनामा जागेवरच करून त्यावर मालकाची सही असावी. या पंचनाम्याची प्रत घरमालक किंवा संबंधित व्यक्तीला देणे आवश्यक आहे.

अंगझडती

घर, अथवा जागेच्या झडतीची कार्यपद्धती अंगझडतीलाही अनुसरणे आवश्यक आहे. मात्र, महिलांची अंगझडती केवळ महिला पोलिस अधिकारी-कर्मचारी किंवा उपलब्ध महिला नागरिकाच्या मदतीनेच घेता येते.

महिला तक्रारदार-आरोपी

महिलांच्या तक्रारींची तत्काळ दखल घेऊन पोलिसांनी त्याची चौकशी/तपास करून आरोपींना तातडीने अटक करणे. तपासात कुठलीही उणीव न ठेवता लवकरात लवकर कोर्टात खटला दाखल करणे पोलिसांना बंधनकारक आहे.

* चौकशी, तपासादरम्यान किंवा जबाब नोंदविताना महिलेला लाज वाटेल, अपमान होईल किंवा त्यांच्या चारित्र्याबद्दल शंका निर्माण होईल किंवा त्यांच्या प्रतिष्ठेला बांधा येईल असे प्रश्न विचारता कामा नये.

* महिलांना सूर्यास्तानंतर अटक करता येत नाही. तसेच चौकशीसाठी पोलिस स्टेशनमध्येही बोलावता येऊ शकत नाही. मात्र, अपवादात्मक परिस्थितीत पोलिस स्टेशनमध्ये त्यांना आणल्यास त्यांच्या नातेवाईकांना त्यांच्यासोबत राहण्याची परवानगी देणे बंधनकारक आहे. त्यांना महिलांसाठी राखीव कक्षात ठेवणे अपेक्षित असते.

अन्याय झाल्यास…

आपली तक्रार पोलिस स्टेशनमधील अधिकारी नोंदवून घेत नाही, अशी तक्रार असल्यास पोलिस स्टेशनमधील सीनिअर इन्स्पेक्टर यांच्याकडे दाद मागता येते. तसेच, विभागातील पोलिस उपायुक्त, अतिरिक्त आयुक्त यांच्याकडेही तक्रारीविषयीची समस्या मांडता येते.

खोटी तक्रार हा गुन्हा

पोलिसांकडे खोटी तक्रार करणे हा गुन्हा आहे. गुन्हा दाखल करताना खोटी, अवास्तव माहिती देणे, पोलिसांची दिशाभूल करणे हा भारतीय दंड संहितेनुसार अपराध ठरतो. आयपीसी १८६० च्या कलम १८२ नुसार जी व्यक्ती सरकारी कर्मचाऱ्या जाणीवपूर्वक खोटी माहिती देईल त्याला सहा महिन्यांपर्यंत तुरुंगवास किंवा एक हजार रुपयांपर्यंतचा दंड किंवा दोन्ही शिक्षा होऊ शकतात. कलम २११ नुसारही अशा व्यक्तींवर कारवाई होऊ शकते ज्यात सात वर्षांपर्यंत शिक्षेची तरतूद आहे.

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CAN ADVOCATE PROSECUTE LITIGANT FOR CHEATING IN PAYMENT OF FEES?

Naturally, to a person professing a noble profession, the complainant, as Advocate, after hearing the parties handed draft petition for mutual divorce. There is no controversy to this aspect. The fact remains, if the couple has thereafter decided not to prosecute their controversies or discord and to have a happy married life, can it be said to be dishonest intention to approach the complainant for his legal advise. The answer is, there could not be of dishonest intention at initial stage. Basic requirement for invoking criminal prosecution is, such intention must be shown to exist at the time of making of inducement. Mere failure to keep promise subsequently, will not lead to cheating. There is no element by the accused-applicant to induce the complainant by any representation to draft petition and thereafter back out.

_*⭐SC:Contradictory stance of accused in statement under S.313 Cr.P.C. is liable to be rejected.*_

_S. 313 Code of Criminal Procedure – Statement under, when liable to be rejected – Contradictory stands of accused – Respondent on one hand claiming animosity between him and family of victim (of rape) and on the other hand raising defence of consent on part of victim in having sex with him – Held, the two stands being Contradictory, are both liable to be rejected – Criminal law – Criminal Trial – Appreciation of Evidence – Contradictions, inconsistencies, exaggerations or embellishments – Contradictory stands taken by accused – Liable to be rejected_

_Case:_
_*State of M.P. Vs. Balu.*_

_Citation:_
_*(2005) 1 SCC 108*_

*Importance of Zero FIR*

FIR stands for First Information Report & every FIR has serial no, date of occurrence, time of occurrence, place of occurrence, contents of complaint etc. and it is lodged because of commission of cognizable offence (an offence in which police can take suo moto action and no prior approval from court is required). Every police station has jurisdictional area for which they can take up the investigation if commission of cognizable offence area found under their jurisdiction. Suppose my phone is theft at Bus stand of Lal Quila , Delhi then the police station whose under Lal Quila comes will lodge my FIR and investigate it.

But in Zero FIR, any police station can register FIR irrespective of jurisdictional area but the investigation will be taken up by the police in which place of occurrence reported in FIR. The police station register the zero FIR marking it serial no. zero and transfers it to the competent jurisdictional area which can carry out the investigation.

*Take a famous example of Aasaram Bapu Rape case*

In the FIR, the place of occurence of offence falls under the jurisdiction of Jodhpur, Rajasthan but the Kamla Market Police Station, Delhi registered the FIR, then transferred it to Jodhpur, for further investigation.Then Jodhpur police had taken up the investigation.

The sanctity of legal process remains the same in zero FIR. It is very helpful for people, as it facilitate them by not allowing to make rounds of different police station for lodging the FIR.

As per the Sec 154 of Criminal procedure Code, every Police officer is law bound to register the First Information Report of any cognizable offence committed, irrespective of the jurisdiction in which the offence was committed. When a cognizable offence is reported, the police officer registering the case forthwith starts the investigation, if it is committed in his jurisdiction. if it is not committed in his jurisdiction, he registers the FIR under number ’00’ and sends it to the police station, where the offence was committed for further investigation. Such FIR is called as zero FIR. It is for the convenience of the victim that instead of making him run from pillar to post, the police officer, where the victim approaches as per his convenience, the case is recorded and police officer sends it to the concerned police station.

Zero FIR can be registered at any police station across India irrespective of jurisdictional area. The FIR is then transferred to the concerned police station. Zero FIR is an important instrument in the hands of the common people in India to get their grievances registered with the police, which they cannot refuse. Police is bound to register FIR in case of cognizable offence.

It happens many time that the complainant goes to a Police station knowingly or unknowingly to report a complaint. Every Police station has a declared jurisdiction for it. If the complaint reported appears to be not from their jurisdiction, then they will have to record the FIR in usual manner and send it to the Police station having jurisdiction over the place of offence recorded in the FIR for further action at their end. Sometimes lawyers play a important role to clarify authorities. As per the procedure, after FIR is recorded, it is given a crime number and the investigation commences. But in the present case, instead of giving crime number, the FIR is given a zero number. This is why the FIR in such case is called zero FIR. For example, you are travelling in a bus from one area of a city to another area. In between the bus stops at a bus stop. A criminal standing next to you snatches your mobile phone and gets down and runs away. You cannot get down but continue the travel. You get down at the destination and go to nearest police station and report it. They inform you that the offence occurred in another P. Stn area. They should record your FIR. Give it a zero number and send it to the concerned Police station. You will have to follow up the case at that police station.

If ill-treated, old aged parents can take back property gifted to son, rules Bombay High Court

Elderly parents could take back a share in their property given to a son as a gift if he fails take care when them or harasses them, the bombay court has passed judgement. Citing the special law for maintenance of senior citizens, Justices Ranjit more and Anuja Prabhudesai upheld a tribunal’s order that had cancelled a gift deed given by an aged parents of Andheri resident by that he had granted five hundredth share in his flat to his son.

“The gift deed was created at the request of the son and his spouse. it’s understood that the aged father and his second spouse would be {looked when|taken care of|sorted} by them after transfer of fifty share in flat,” aforementioned the judges. “Obviously, the son and his spouse although prepared and willing to look after the daddy were unwilling to try to to so in respect of the second spouse. in abovementioned circumstances, we don’t realize any error in order (cancelling the gift deed), therefore, we aren’t inclined to entertain this petition .

The 2007 law (see box) has provisions that shield parents and aged persons World Health Organization have signed away their property or assets to an individual so they’d be taken care of, however are then left necessitous. If a old person has signed AN agreement after 2007 to transfer his share in property, as an example through a gift deed, on the condition that his basic desires would be taken care of, however the person refuses to honour the agreement, then a maintenance court is authorised to quash the agreement ..

The senior citizen’s 1st spouse died in 2014. Last year, when he wished to get married, his son and daughter-inlaw requested that a share of the Andheri flat ought to be transferred to them. to buy peace within the family, he transferred five hundredth share in flat to his son in may 2014. afterwards, they started insulting the aged man’s second spouse. the daddy and his second spouse were forced leave the Andheri flat. the daddy then approached the maintenance court, which cancelled the gift deed. The son challenged the tribunal’s order, however the HC dismissed the petition.

Why transgenders may still have to register as “male” or “female”

NOIDA: concerning one,100 transgenders primarily based in Gautam Budh Nagar square measure eligible to take the coming elections. However, it’s return to the fore that an oversized variety of them square measure either registered as male or feminine voters as they may not build it to the third genders’ list due to advanced procedures of sex certification and landlords refusing at hand over electricity bills to the candidates UN agency want address proofs. Of the 5 assembly constituencies in Gautam Budh Nagar, per the committee of Asian country, Noida has all-time low variety of transgender voters, at three. the amount is far lower as compared to the 2 assembly constituencies that square measure a region of the near
Bulandshahr district — Sikandrabad (23) and Khurja (20). Similarly, Dadri and Jewar have seventy three and fourteen transgender voters, severally. “The irony is that we’ve got around one,100 folks primarily based within the district, UN agency square measure registered with our organisation as transgenders. Most of them have elector ID cards that consult with them as males or females. it’s strange that whereas we’ve got finally got obviate the criminalism connected to the third gender, it’s another struggle to urge them registered as voters of the third gender,” Rizwan Ansari, manager of Basera, Associate in Nursing nongovernmental organization fighting for transgenders’ rights, told TOI on weekday. Narrating her own ordeal of obtaining recognised as a elector, Ramkali same, “My family wasn’t clearly fine with the actual fact that i used to be a transgender and also the society’s outlook and unacceptance supplementary to the agony. whereas they took time to regulate with my identity, they may not imagine to check American state denoted as a transgender on my elector ID.”

Even if one desires to alter the gender mentioned in one’s elector ID, the necessities square measure extraordinarily robust, with town
magistrate workplace needing 3 documents, together with Associate in Nursing address proof sort of a rent agreement, electricity bill and a sex
certificate. Of these, obtaining a sex certification from a government doctor would take nearly 2 to 3 years, with none of the govt hospitals in Noida having the ability whereas those in metropolis either deny the procedure to the candidates or dilly-dally, as per the nongovernmental organization. Mannat (25), another transgender registered with Basera, told TOI she’s going to not exercise her vote this point. “It is thus tough to urge oneself selected as a transgender. the method includes regular check-ups with a scientist, frequent guidance sessions with the family and also the applier and also the final surgery. i attempted obtaining my gender modified to the third gender, however it might ne’er happen because the procedure was too discouraging. Further, the relations additionally quit when it slow,” she said.